Sunday, April 14, 2013

(#7) DQs on Lyndon B Johnson

Please answer the following questions after reading and listening to Lyndon B Johnson's speech "We Shall Overcome."
  1. Why did President Johnson believe the right to vote is the most important civil right? 
  2. Explain the significance of why Johnson uses the phrase, "We Shall Overcome." Identify the ways in which President Johnson established his credibility to speak on civil rights? Do you find such explications of credibility persuasive? Why or why not? 
  3. How did President Johnson use history in “We Shall Overcome?” What lessons did he try to teach from U.S. history? Are such lessons still relevant today? 
  4. Do President Johnson’s appeals to the American Promise seem outmoded today? Would Americans in the twenty-first century be responsive to such a narrative? If not, why not? If so, on what subject(s)? 
  5. One could argue that the Johnson speech was far more efficacious in bringing about change in civil rights because it was made by a powerful white president and was the prelude to the 1964 Civil Rights Acts. Do you agree? Why or why not? 
  6. The Web site for the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of International Information Programs contains a transcript of President Johnson’s speech as one of its “Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy” (http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/demo.htm) as well as list of readings for citizens of other countries interested in learning about American history. Why might the State Department have included Johnson’s speech? What does one learn about U.S. democracy by reading Johnson’s speech?

18 comments:

  1. 1-The right to vote is the most important civil right because he wanted to give hope to the Negros who were oppressed for so long. He wanted them to be treated with dignity and respect. He wanted them to feel a sense of freedom in which they can be heard.

    2- a)Johnson used the phrase "We shall overcome" because the country had been through so much with the racism issue, war and protests that result to too many lost lives. b)He defined his mission which was give justice and served the men of the country. He said every citizens have equal right to choose, to vote. thus, They should be entitled to this basic right.
    3-In used history in his this speech when he referred to those who fought for American freedom. He stated that "denied someone to exercise his/her right because of his/her color is racism and injustice. Thus, it is dishonored those who gave their life for American freedom.
    It still relevant today. People are still fighting and protesting and dying for their right.
    4- His promise is not outmoded. It can be used also for this century. Although there are some changes like now every citizen can vote, but Negros still struggle with the racism issue. Everything he said in his speech still happening now.
    5- Yes it was a powerful and meaningful speech. However, it was not the only one that spoke about these issues and problems. Negros have been mistreated and denied to exercise their right prior he took office and the typical speech has been heard.
    6- this speech is represented as one of its "basic reading in U.S Democracy" as well for other countries to make them aware that really that U.S is making difference in respecting people rights. They can learn about their rights so they would not look like ignorant and they would know what they entitle to if they decide to come in the United Stated.

















    ReplyDelete
  2. 1. Johnson believes that the equal right to vote is the most basic right that people should have. It is simple to fulfill it because it is straight forward. Therefore, there should be no complications with people not being able to vote for any reason. He said that many people died to fight for that civil right. Democracy cannot exist without this right being provided to everyone, because these people are all Americans, and that is what the country is about. That is what the Constitution says, so it must be followed. He also recalled the phrase "government by consent of the governed". The Constitution cannot be just a false law, but something that all must follow, since they sworn to do in to God!
    2. The use of "we shall overcome" by Johnson is significant because these are words form the protest song used in the African-American Civil Rights Movement and now the white president incorporates them into his own speech talking about equal human rights. Johnson talks about himself as a man from the south. He said that the understands the struggles of people for freedom because he had seen it in where he lived. I think that this gives him a little bit of credit to talk about it. Even though he did not experienced it on himself, but he observed people and how they suffered to get what they deserved.
    3. He talked about the Emancipation Proclamation that was signed by president Lincoln a hundred years ago and promised equal rights to all people. However, it was not effective because so many people now are denied these basic rights that were guaranteed to them so many years ago. This problem did not concern only blacks, but whites as well. Johnson said "There's really no part of America where the promise of equality has been fully kept". I think what he meant by that statement was that no matter how many laws there are passed in the government, the inequality will exist as long as people change their mentality about that issue. This problem still exists in the world these days. There are so many laws to protect human rights, yet we hear and see every day that they are broken on every step.
    4. The American Promise is definitively not outmoded, but still relevant these days. People are still discriminated when looking for jobs, housing, choosing education because of their nationality, skin color, beliefs, religion. Therefore, the equal rights are not the same to everyone and sometimes not even available at all. This problem exists even now in twenty-first century where there are so many laws to protect people and their rights!
    5. I agree that Johnson's speech was more effective because he was a white president fighting for equal rights for blacks. It is obvious that black representatives such as Martin Luther King Jr. or Malcolm X fought for these rights for their own people. They were also discriminated and denied civil rights. Therefore, no wonder that they had the urge to fight for themselves. Unfortunately, many white people probably did not see the problem in the society since it was always black people talking about it. However, when they heard all of that from a white person, a president who had no personal gain in it, they paid attention to it way more. They finally noticed that the problem really exists and that he was right.
    6. The speech shows the beginning of real American democracy. It shows that it was not so easy to just claim to be a democratic country, but many people had to take action in order for it to happen. The speech presents the real view of America and that its history was not always beautiful and without any obstacles. We can learn from it that it takes many years to change the way society thinks, that it is not enough to pass some laws. It is up to the people if they accept these laws.

    ReplyDelete
  3. 1. President Johnson believed the right to vote was important because he felt it would improve the American way of life.
    2. President Johnson uses the phrase "We Shall Overcome" to explain that we can get through these tough times in the world. The rough times he is talking about is the way the African Americans were being treated. He established his credibility to speak on civil rights by speaking that he was a man of the south. He said that he understands the struggles of people for freedom because he witness it. Yes, I feel these are explications of credibility because he knows that the African American is not being treated fairly so he is looking to do something to change it.
    3. President Johnson uses history in "We Shall Overcome" when he speaks of Abraham Lincoln and the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation. The lesson he tried to teach from U. S. history was that over one hundred years ago equal rights were promised to all people; however, this is still not true today.
    4. No, President Johnson 's appeal to the American Promise are not outmoded today. Yes, I think Americans today would be responsive to the narrative because people are still being discriminated.
    5. Yes, I agree that President Johnson's speech was far more effective in bringing about change in civil rights because it was made by a powerful white president and was a prelude to the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X fought for these rights too; however, they were African American so it did not have the same effect. I feel that President Johnson's speech made the white people think about the problems the African Americans faced and made them pay more attention to the problems of the African Americans.
    6. The State Department has included President Johnson's speech because the speech shows real democracy. It shows that all citizens should have an equal say in the decision that affects their lives. By reading President Johnson's speech, one can learn that to be a democratic country one must stand up for their rights.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Rosalayn Singh
    TW2
    1. President Johnson agreed with the declaration of independence where all men are created equally and the most fundamental right in democracy is the right to choose to vote.
    2. We Shall Overcome is song of the civil rights movement. President Johnson attempted to establish his credibility to speak on civil rights when he stated “he was a man whose roots goes deeply into the southern soil. I know how agonizing racial feelings are. I know how difficult it is to reshape the attitudes and the structure of our society. “Though President Johnson goals were righteous and sympathetic towards African Americans struggle for equality, I personally feel he could never understand the actually difficulties of African American without being one.
    3. President Johnson discussed the importance of constitutional law for all Americans and the concept and purpose of democracy. He discuss acknowledged the fight for Liberty by many Americans which is still seen today. Men and woman of today continue to defend this nation stance of freedom and democracy.
    4. Many Americans are very patriotic. The “American Promise” will never be outdated for anyone desiring change or equally opportunities. The issue of racism and various other prejudices still exist in this country. Americans who are concern with the LGBT rights, economic inequalities would find this speech appealing. This speech is suggestive to further issues of fairness. President Johnson touched on problematic issues of poverty and education that face all American.
    5 President Johnson’s Johnson speech was far more effective in that time because it was delivered by a person of power who was white. It was also effective because the previous beloved president also supported the civil rights movement. It was clear that more non- African American in power supported change.
    6. The State Department included Johnson’s speech because it simplistically focused American Patriotic rhetoric of freedom from the oppressed which was the main purpose of the Declaration of Independence. The struggle for equality of African- Americans is one and the same for early colonist. One of the fundamental tools of Democracy is the concept of voting, approval of the governed.

    ReplyDelete
  5. 1.President Johnson believed that the right to vote was the most important civil right a citizen could have. To have the right to vote meant being equal and having a voice and letting that voice be heard.
    2.President Johnson used We shall overcome as as way to show he can relate to the struggles of african americans. He explained that hes from the south and has seen the struggles that african americans have endured firsthand. While I think he has some creditability through observation I don't think he has the full experience of what it was like to be discriminated against because he didn't experience it firsthand.
    3. He used history in his speech by citing the emanicpation proclamination and the declaration of indepedence. He said both were promised to give everyone equal rights and to give everyone the same rights. He stated that by not having everone the right to vote that we have denied them of equal rights and that we have failed them. These lessons are still relevent today because while everyone has the right to vote people in this country are still being denied their civil rights.
    4. HIs promise is not outmoded. I think it is still revelent today. While our country has become better in relation to civil rights, there is still racism even in this day and age. Its just not out there nor acceptable as it was back then.
    5. I agree that Johnsons speech was more effective. While black leaders such as martin luther king fought for civil rights it was looked at differently when prsident Johnson addrssed it. Here was a white person in the highest office of the land acknowledging that the United States had a problem by not allowing african americans to have the civil right to vote. Our country was built on all people being equal and we weren't living up to that.
    6. The state department put up Johnsons speech because it is an important part of american history as well as an important part of the civil rights movement. It showed That this was a big step to make everyone equal regredless of the color of ones skin.

    ReplyDelete
  6. 1. President Johnson believed the right to vote was important because” the Constitution says that no person shall be kept from voting because of his race or his color.” The right to vote is simply adhering to the constitution.

    2. The phrase “We Shall Overcome” that Johnson used in his speech is significance because although the bill may pass for the rights of Negroes to vote but the battle will not end. The White will continue to put up a fight against the Negroes to vote. The speech is pervasive to the crowd during that time of the speech. The people believed in Johnson because he was the only one that was really on their side. Johnson wanted to give Negroes the right to vote so the speech was promising to them.

    3. The lesson that Johnson was trying to teach was it has been over one hundred years since the constitution and yet the constitution was not adhered to. Blacks were still not given the rights to vote as stated in the constitution.

    4. President Johnson’s appeals to the American Promise is outmoded today because the people are more educated and they can distinguish when someone is using them by giving false promised to when someone is genuine.

    5. Johnson speech was far more efficacious in bringing about change in civil rights because back in 1964 the Blacks were not allowed to vote without being disqualified for some reason so when a white president gave such a speech it was like a light in a dark tunnel for the Blacks.

    6. The State Department had included Johnson’s speech so one can learn of the true democracy of the United States. That although the United Stated had acquire their independence and wrote the constitution which gives Blacks the rights to vote, Blacks still were not free to vote.

    ReplyDelete
  7. 1. I believe president Johnson thought the right to vote was a crucial civil right because it is the way we elect our officials into government. The officials are the ones that represent the people and if all the people are not being represented then the governmental systems are corrupt and unjust.
    2. Johnson used the phrase “We Shall Overcome” because of the historical values it holds for the African American people. That phrase was once used by an oppressed people as a martyr of hope. He established his creditability because of his whole hearted beliefs in equality. His father raised him as a man to see beyond color and his mother raised him to always help those that needed it. Also he stood with President Kennedy is the fight for Civil Rights. Yes, they are persuasive because of Kennedy’s legacy, his own sincerity and connections.
    3. Johnson used what the constitution stood for as the heart of his speech. The lesson he was trying to get across was by denying what men have died for many years ago, was not upholding the promise of their legacy and what America was founded on. Yes, the message is still relevant today, but like in the past is not being thoroughly carried out. Convicts, once released are denied these basic liberties.
    4. Yes, because the American people have the rights to vote, although the wording on the poles were tricky and confusing in the last election.
    5. I agree that his speech greatly helped bring about change during the civil rights movement because Johnson was a workaholic and an extremely persuasive man. He would not rest until every opposing view saw his beliefs in the same light. He helped the politician believe while the people would not rest until there was a change.
    6. People could learn what the democracy is really about from this speech. It is not the fancy definition but the heart of all men and women demanding equality on all fronts. Despite differences and personal views the benign right of humanity lies in this speech, hence what democracy stands for.

    ReplyDelete
  8. 1) Johnson believed that all citizens including and especially people of color from the south had been deprived of the most basic right to chose their leaders, when it was assured to all American citizens that voting was an “alienable rights” rights guaranteed to all citizens.
    2) Johnson used this “We Shall Overcome” because it comes from a song made popular during the black civil rights movement and it showed his understanding and sympathy for the black community to be able to vote for their leaders. Though it is always questionable when a white man claims understanding of the plight of how black people were treated and what they had to endure, Johnson still made and effective heartfelt and largely plausible case simply by supporting such legislation and fighting for it strongly even though he knew it would cause some resentment and dislike toward him among whites in the deep south. It is persuasive both as an effective argument for legitimate change by itself.
    3) President Johnson used to emphasize his point by citing the “Emancipation of Proclamation” and indicating that American Negros were still not fully free and the voting rights act must be passed in order to complete the work that Lincoln had begun. Its continuing relevance is that people of color still are not equal to white American in terms of equal opportunities at the highest level of the government and society. Therefore the relevance of Johnson’s words remains strong.
    4) Given the fact that a black president was not elected until the 21st century, clearly civil rights have only now been realized at this level. However since so many inequalities have been eliminated, for many people Johnson’s words would seem more relevant to the past than to present day.
    5) Of course this is so. Johnson as the leader of the nation addressed the American in a nationally televised speech proclaiming the importance of the voting rights acts to right a great wrong and truly grant equal rights to the American which they deserve.
    6) The speech was chosen because of its true meaning to democracy and the democratic spirit: support of policies that bring democracy to every American and willingness to admit there is something fundamentally wrong in American society which denied a specific group of people their basic rights which must now be corrected.

    ReplyDelete
  9. 1.President Johnson believed the right to vote is the most important civil right because it gives Americans the chance to choose their own leaders. Voting is the most basic right and Johnson believed that everyone should share that right equally, especially negroes.
    2.Johnson uses the phrase “we shall overcome” because these situations are ones that Americans have created for themselves and must now overcome these obstacles and moved past them. President Johnson establishes his credibility by speaking from “experience.” He refers to America’s past experiences with civil rights in his decision-making process. He also states that he is from the South so he knows how the southerners feel. I think this is persuasive simply because we learn from the past and need to refer to our past to make better decisions for our future. He saw that the civil rights process was not successful in the past; therefore he moved to change it for the better.
    3.President Johnson was referring used history to state that Abraham Lincoln attempted to free negroes with his Emancipation Proclamation. Negroes were promised freedom over a century ago and they still haven’t received it. He was trying to make a point that America makes promises, but doesn’t act to ensure they are kept.
    4.President Johnson’s appeals don’t seem outmoded today because America still makes many promises that the government hasn’t kept. Americans are still fighting to get what the American government has promised. I think Americans would be more responsive in the 21st century on subjects like the war in Iraq and other matters that America is involved in overseas.
    5.I agree because if that same speech was given by someone that wasn’t so powerful, people wouldn’t have taken it so seriously. Also the fact that it was the president giving the speech made people realize how serious the problem really is and that action would be taken whether they agreed or not.
    6.Johnson’s speech was a breaking point in American history because it showed the true democracy in America. Most politicians didn’t agree with Johnson at the time but he spoke for the people and allowed them to make their own decisions in terms of how the country was led and by whom.

    ReplyDelete
  10. 1. President Johnson believed his right to vote was the most important civil right because the right to vote justifies a man’s dignity; one that assures no other man is given a special treatment due to his race or social status.

    2. President Johnson used the phrase “We shall overcome” to instill belief amongst the African Americans and to foster the people to keep on with the fight for justice. President Johnson established his credibility to speak on civil rights by being from the south and aware of the struggles of African Americans. Yes it is persuasive enough because the people tend to confide in a motivational person.

    3. President Johnson incorporated history in his speech by reminding the audience about the declaration of independence. He reminded that since independence was declared, every man must be given equal rights on all fronts and not half-heartedly. Yes such lessons are still relevant till this day because people need to be re-educated that all men are equal and race or social status should not become a stumbling block to inequality.

    4. President Johnson’s appeals to the American promise seem a little outmoded today. This is because social inequality is still being practiced across the nation. Americans in the 21st century may not be as responsive to such narrative because the times have changed with more educated individuals who believe in striving hard for themselves and not collectively.

    5. Johnson’s speech was more efficacious in bringing about civil rights because he was the president at that time – the most important public figure to get reassurance from.

    6. I believe Johnson’s speech was added to the U.S State Departments Bureau’s database to remind citizens and non-citizens that he was for civil rights.

    ReplyDelete
  11. 1. President Johnson believe the right to vote is the most important civil right because he thinks it will make all people to believe specially Negro people that everybody have equal rights and choose their own leader. The civil right for vote will also make people to feel that they have equal freedom and dignity.

    2. Johnson used the phrase, "We Shall Overcome" in his speech to show that African America people were treated differently from white people. So now the time to get over and treat the African American people equally, respectfully with all civil rights. I think his speech was very effective to all American people and understand-stable that he wants and should have equal civil right for every citizen in America.

    3. President Johnson used history in "We Shall Overcome" to appeal that Abraham Lincoln fought for American freedom and signed the Emancipation Proclamation hundreds years ago. The lesson was tried to to teach from U.S. history that Abraham Lincoln promised that everybody will have equal right and freedom to vote ; but still today this is relevant to all people today. Still there are differences between colors and civil rights.

    4. The American Promise is not outmoded in twenty century. Even though all people can vote and choose their own leader but still African American struggling for their rights and freedom. Still the skin color does make people think differently.

    5. Yes, President Johnson speech was very effective cause he was a white president but he was fighting for Negro people rights.President Johnson was realized that Negro people were suffering hard time, that is why he stand up for them. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were African American President, thats why it was not as effective to as president Johnson.

    6. President Johnson's speech was include to U.S. State Department’s Bureau of International Information Programs of “Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy” because his speech shows the situation of Negro people. It also shows that all American should have an equal rights and freedom to vote. After reading President Johnson's speech, people will understand that he was fair to all American people and want's that everybody should be equal in the country.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Marie B. Pulanco
    WRIT 303 TW2
    Professor D’Amato
    HW#7 “We Shall Overcome”
    April 16, 2013

    1. President Johnson believed the right to vote is the most important civil right of all men because it focal point of being a citizen of a nation. It is a right practiced equally by all men in deciding who will govern their nation. To have the right to vote means that your voice is being valued and considered by the nation and it is the most essential representation of an individual as being a part of the nation.

    2. The significance of the phrase “We Shall Overcome” is the message it conveys to its audience as per the meaning of the song and President Johnson’s speech which stresses on the issue of equal rights. He explained about having an American problem to which generalizes the country as a whole and not be divided into racial segregation and inequality. That all men are created equal. AS he points out, “there is no negro problem. There is no Southern problem. [..] There is only an American problem.[..] We are met here as Americans to solve that problem.” In addition, he also discussed about the promise to every citizen of the American nation the importance of sharing dignity. His credibility of his speech is profoundly marked by the history to which these African-Americans are part of the success of the American nation. That they have contributed in the development of the nation and therefore be treated equally having all the rights as practiced by the whites.

    3. The lesson that President Johnson try to teach which is incorporated in the U.S history is the Emancipation Proclamation 1863, through which over the years has granted African-Americans freedom from slavery and should be exercising equal rights as citizens of the U.S nation. In his speech, President Johnson also reminded and emphasized on the declaration of independence to which the phrase “all men were created equal” includes them as African-Americans. That despite their racial differences, all men have the equal rights in exercising and practicing their rights as citizens of the nation, and as being part of building the American nation.

    4. President Johnson’s appeal to the American Promise is most definitely not outmoded until today because although there’s a big difference on practicing equality in the past and today, Discrimination is still significant in the society today. It may not be physically visible in the society today but has been incorporated mentally, in people’s mind and ways of thinking as to instinct and defense. Equal rights will always be an issue not to African-Americans alone, but to all other races and ethnicity in the U.S nation.

    5. Johnson speech was far more efficacious in bringing about change in civil rights because it was made by a powerful white president however it may be viewed differently by other people, especially by the African-Americans. Although this change in civil rights made by the white president had a powerful impact on people because it shows the concern and understanding of one’s culture to another, people will always be skeptical about it as to its ideology and purpose. However it clearly shows that the change and the rights these African-Americans were fighting for is supported by a non African-American authority.

    6. President Johnson’s speech is a vital proof or evidence of American democracy that’s why it is included in the U.S. States Department which is considered as the “Basic Readings in U. S. Democracy.” It shows and reminds people that the American nation values equality in bridging the gap against racial discrimination and as well as America’s willingness and compassion regarding equality in the nation which allows and gives people to exercise their rights as citizens of the nation.

    ReplyDelete
  13. 1)President Johnson believed the right to vote is the most important civil right because he believed it is the most basic right of all to choose your own leaders, it is the democratic way which was agreed was the way the nation could flourish.

    2)Johnson uses "We Shall Overcome" because he knew its powerful significance at that time. The fact that he was from of the South himself gave him credibility with his audience. It meant that he knew first hand of the difficultly in moving away from racist views. This tactic was persuasive because it encouraged people to follow his lead. If someone from the south, known for its brutality and inequity of African Americans can promote equality, then others should be able to follow.

    3)President Johnson referenced the emancipation proclamation signed by former president Abraham Lincoln, in order to illustrate that that Negro's are still not equal and the promise of equality was not kept. This proved that the nation is obligated to right wrongs, keep their promise and grant Negroes civil liberties that they were unjustly denied. These lessons are still relevant because there is still inequity present in our society today.

    4) I think President Johnson’s speech is outmoded today. Although inequity is still present in our society and there are examples of civil rights violations throughout our country, African Americans have still come along way. Although voting rights aren’t blatantly denied, the empathy he expressed, served as a positive example to us all.
    5)I definitely agree that his speech was more efficacious in bringing about change in civil rights,. Being a white president meant he had powerful influence and was in the position to make changes.
    6) I think they do it for two reasons. 1) to try to smooth away the government ignominious past, 2) to in part give Johnson credit for civil rights achievements. I learned how important voter’s rights are in having a true democracy, and its relation to basic rights.

    ReplyDelete
  14. 1) President Johnson believed the right to vote is the most important civil right because he felt that all men are equal and vote is a basic right that people should have. He stated that when everyone stayed in same level, the society would become stable and it would better develop the community.
    2) President uses the phrase “We shall overcome” to explain that is not only Negroes, but really it is all of us who been treated unfairly. He experiences and witness the hard time of people and he wants to use his power to change the current status and condition. He understands how freedom is so important to them and the right to vote is the beginning of the point for them to achieve a better life.
    3) the history “Emancipation Proclamation” he emphasis that people are still not free even though it was signed by president Lincoln a hundred years ago. The government promises to people that they would have the right of equality as the Constitution promised to people. However, people have been waited for one century and the dream still not come true and make people suffer more not only physically even mentally. This problem still exists in the world these days that people are not treated fairly and equally.
    4) I think his promise is not outmoded today. Even though the country is getting better after the demonstration and struggle, there is still racism exists today. The racism is not strongly and directly express out but you could feel and makes you uncomfortable. As today, some people still cannot vote because they are not citizen. However, since they live in United States, they are a part of the country so that they have right to vote.
    5) The Johnson speech was more effective. Malcom X and King fight for civil right because they are black and they are fighting for themselves. However, there is one white man wants to change which would make white society to think about that is it necessary to change the civil right because there is one man support black’s ideas. Once one man made the action, it must impact others.
    6) The state department has included Johnson’s speech because it is not only an important history happened in United States, it also shows a big progress of the society. After reading Johnson’s speech, I learned that people made lot effort to win respect and equality so that we could stand here and take benefit from government without prejudice.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Yajaira Minaya
    Writing 303-TW2
    Professor D’Amato
    HW#7 We Shall OvercomeAudio
    Aril 16th 2013

    Please answer the following questions after reading and listening to Lyndon B Johnson's speech "We Shall Overcome."
    1. Why did President Johnson believe the right to vote is the most important civil right? 
    President Johnson felt that the right to vote is the most important civil right because it gives Americans especially African Americans the opportunity to pick their own leaders. Voting is the most basic right for every individual and Johnson believed that everyone should share that same right equally as whites.

    2. Explain the significance of why Johnson uses the phrase, "We Shall Overcome." Identify the ways in which President Johnson established his credibility to speak on civil rights? Do you find such explications of credibility persuasive? Why or why not? 
    President Johnson used the phrase “We shall overcome” to show and prove that African Americans were not being treated fairly due to their color of skin. He felt it was injustice and inhumane. He received credit and people listened, not only did he express himself but he had power during that time in addition he spoke on human rights and was aware of the African Americans and their everyday struggle.

    3. How did President Johnson use history in “We Shall Overcome?” What lessons did he try to teach from U.S. history? Are such lessons still relevant today? 
    President Johnson try to teach from the U.S history is the Emancipation Proclamation, which over the years has granted African-Americans freedom from slavery and given equal rights as citizens of the U.S nation. He also emphasized and stressed the declaration of independence to which the phrase “all men were created equal” includes them as African-Americans.

    4. Do President Johnson’s appeals to the American Promise seem outmoded today? Would Americans in the twenty-first century be responsive to such a narrative? If not, why not? If so, on what subject(s)? 
    Personally I feel the American Promise does not exist, its a “promise” that can be broken, its only a dream a wonderful dream where we can all be united as one or be treated equally. Yes the Declaration of Independence is a document where we are free yet we are not. Even though “ our votes count” we can chose our leader but even in the 21st century African Americans and Hispanics are still being mistreated due to our appearance or name. Maybe if we can hear speeches like Dr.KIng, Malcolm and Johnson especially our government maybe things can change, and these speeches can be a reminder to them saying “ hey what happened”?

    5. One could argue that the Johnson speech was far more efficacious in bringing about change in civil rights because it was made by a powerful white president and was the prelude to the 1964 Civil Rights Acts. Do you agree? Why or why not? 
    Johnson’s speech was more efficient and honest in bringing about civil rights because he was the president during that time, plus it helped that he was in power and can make moves.

    6. The Web site for the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of International Information Programs contains a transcript of President Johnson’s speech as one of its “Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy” (http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/demo.htm) as well as list of readings for citizens of other countries interested in learning about American history. Why might the State Department have included Johnson’s speech? What does one learn about U.S. democracy by reading Johnson’s speech?

    President Johnson's speech is in the State Department’s Bureau of International Information Programs of “Basic Readings in U.S. Democracy” because his speech shows the situation the African Americans experienced. Plus, it also shows that all American should have an equal human rights and freedom to vote. One learn by reading Johnson speech is that he wanted equality and freedom for all individuals.

    ReplyDelete
  16. 1. President Johnson saw the right to vote as being such an important civil right for Africans because the right to vote is an intrinsic to their right as human beings in the foremost democratic nation in the world.

    2. I think the President’s phrase “We Shall Overcome” was significant because he is personalizing the issue of civil rights to everyone in the United States. This also lend creditability to him because he was commanding the Congress to act in the interest of all America citizens regardless of race, religion etc.

    3. President Johnson use history when he reflected on the struggles that all Americans has endure to get to where they were, he also single out the challenges Abraham Lincoln face to bring an end to slavery. He also showed that history has always been on the side of right and justice and how it has endured throughout time itself.

    4. The President promise does not seem outmoded because any fight that is in the name of ensuring citizens enjoy their full rights and privileges under the constitution is a fight worth fighting for and even in today’s society we see various states trying to enact various questionable laws that can be seen as trying to circumvent the right of all to vote.

    5. I totally agree with this insight, in order for great things to happen in society, sometimes various things must align to make these changes unquestionable. The Civil Right movement and the fact that the President was white and from Texas came together to encouraged others to seek changes in society.

    6. This speech and what it represent is arguable what America fought for from the British and it brought awareness to the challenges faced even by de most democratic nation in the world to enforce the constitutional right for all. It also teaches what every citizen should expect and demand of and from their government once they feel unrepresented and discriminated against.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Question 1

    The president believes the right to vote is the most important civil right because it lays the foundation and belief that “all men are created equal;” which is the framework of the constitution of which he strongly advocates.


    Question 2

    The significance of the phrase “we shall overcome,” provides an incentive to push towards a change. Something that empowers supporter and emphasize on the need for reform, similar the Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream.” Johnson established his credibility to speak on civil right when he claim that his “roots go deeply into Southern soil” and so he knows how stressing it is to be racially discriminated. I do not think that Johnson’s credibility proves to be persuasive to the majority. However, I assert that he is capable of comprehending the struggle that blacks face from observation, even though he is not black. Therefore, I believe that his credibility has some degree of persuasion.


    Question 3

    The lesson Johnson tries to teach here is that the U.S is a “great, rich, restless country [that] can offer opportunity and education and hope to all, all blacks and white.” He continue by stating that poverty, ignorance, and disease are the enemies in which we should all fight against, and not our fellow men. Such conditions, Johnson states, “we shall overcome.” I undoubtedly believe these lessons to be relevant today; as hatred among races still lurks.
    Another piece of U.S history that Johnson touches on is the violation of the Emancipation Proclamation that promises equality for all, but defaults in doing so, as blacks are still help captive in mental slavery. This Johnson states, “we shall overcome.”


    Question 4

    Johnson’s narrative towards an appeal to American Promise would not be as effective now as it was then. Back then the fact that he was addressing such a topic as the president (a man in power) offers substantial awareness. The fact that he was white, and a supporter of equality, made his narrative even more effective and hopeful for blacks. In addition to the effectiveness of Johnson’s narrative was the vast amount of people (blacks) that was suffering at the hands of inequality at that time. Today, such abundance of inequality is not present, and so the effectiveness of a narrative preaching for equality will not be as effective now as it was then.


    Question 5

    Yes I agree. In that time a black man was far from being in a position to make change. They could only preach awareness, like Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, but no official change would be implemented without the white men’s confirmation that were in power. And so it took convincing the whites (in parliament) for them to elicit a reform or change.


    Question 6

    From Johnson’s speech one may learn that democracy in something that support the declaration of independence and that it is something that blacks have been fight for, for many year. It follows the concept that the government is responsible to protect the rights of all citizens (blacks and white) in the U.S, and to make sure that there is equality for all; essentially “reinstating” the Emancipation Proclamation.



    ReplyDelete

  18. 1-President Johnson said that the right to vote is the most important civil right because by not voting is like having no voice or place in society and is discriminating against the black community. All men are created equal and should be treated with dignity.

    2- Johnson uses the phrase "we shall overcome" because it is part of a song of the African-Americans in protest for their rights of equality. He uses the phrase as a reference to resolve the conflict of the Americans that all Americans have equal rights and equal opportunities. He established his credibility to speak on the civil rights by saying that every citizen shall share dignity of man and it could not be found in power and possessions but in man heart. That to deny a man his hopes because of his color or race is very inhuman.

    3- The President Johnson use history in “We Shall Overcome” when the ex-president Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation saying that all men are created equal and share same rights. He tries to teach us that the situation that USA faced is an issue of all citizens’ whites and blacks; and there should be no argument about the civil rights. I think that this dilemma still be present in our country because not everyone have the same rights and opportunities. However there are many people whom fight for a better human life.

    4- President Johnson’s appeal to the American Promise is not outmoded until today because although, although in the past there was a lot of discrimination and racism still exists today, in spite that United States is made up of different nationalities.
    5- The Civil Right’s time period was a movement. And Any movement needs a strong leader. The whole point of any movement is to achieve change. But for your voice to be heard someone in command must express themselves in a persuasive way. By having a white president who is already seen, in position of power, is the perfect way to get the message spread across to the audience. So yes I do agree, the it was more effective coming from a Caucasian president.

    6-State Department included Johnson speech because the mistreating of African Americans was a part of history. Johnson addresses the situation, in an eloquent manner that, shows the disapproval that it occurred, also gives hope to the future for equality and freedom for all.

    ReplyDelete